MISFICTIONARY

Aerate / Aeration

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is the process of loosening compacted soil to allow the circulation of air. You can do this by tilling, digging or hiring someone else to do it for you.

Aerobe

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to an organism that only lives in the presence of oxygen. Based on this description, Betty assumes that she, herself, is an aerobe. She does not take offense. She has been called worse.

Aerobic

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Unlike "Sweatin' to the Oldies", this term describes organisms that live or occur only in the presence of oxygen.

Anaerobic

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Describes organisms that live or occur only in the absence of oxygen.

Annual

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to plants that have a life-cycle of ONE growing season. Annual means one year.

Apiaceae Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

A plant family that encompasses carrots, celery and parsley.

Asteraceae Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

This is a plant family made up of chicory, endive and lettuce.

Beneficial Insect

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to insects that perform valued services to the garden such as pollination and pest control.

Bees are considered beneficial for their pollination skills.

Lady bugs are beneficial because they eat large quantities of unwanted critters, such as aphids and mites.

Biennial

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to plants that have a life-cycle of two growing seasons. During the first season, the leaves grow, followed by the second season when plants fruit and die. In layman terms, these are plants that live for two years.

Biodegradeable

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Describes a product, such as an organic material, that is capable of being broken down into smaller units by the activity or actions of living things such as microorganisms.

Biological Pest Control

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the method of controlling pest populations by their natural enemies including predators, parasitoids and pathogens.

Bolt / Bolting

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to premature flowering or seeding of a plant or herb.

Brassicaceae Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to a plant family that encompasses broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, collard, kale, kohlrabi, mustard, radish, rutabaga, and turnip.

Calcium Hydroxide

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a chemical that reduces acidity and raises pH.

Carrot Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Apiaceae family.

Chenopodiaceae Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

A plant family that encompasses beet, chard, and spinach.

Chlorosis

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to a diseased condition in green plants marked by yellowing or blanching of the leaves, usually due to a nutrient deficiency or some type of disease.

Cold Frame

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a transparent (Glass or plastic) roofed box or enclosure used to protect plants from cold weather. It is usually built low to the ground. It is like a mini greenhouse.

Companion Planting

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is the method of planting different seeds or crops in close proximity to one another in order to facilitate pollination, pest control, nutrient intake and other necessary factors to increase crop productivity.

Compost

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is decomposed organic matter used for conditioning soil. Can be made at home with vegetable and fruit scraps, garden and yard waste, lawn clippings, sawdust, manure, and shredded newspaper. Avoid using meats, meat bones or heavily oiled items, weeds or diseased plants in your home compost bin.

Cover Crop

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the planting of a vegetation in between crops in order to protect and build the soil, for weed suppression, to increase organic matter, thereby improving water retention, aeration, and other soil characteristics.

Crop Rotation

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the planting of a crop in a different area or location then the previous year. In other words, tomatoes or other vegetables, should never be planted in the exact same location as the year before.

Cross Pollination

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the transfer of pollen from the stamen of one flower to the carpel of another flower by the action of wind, insects, etc.

Cucurbitaceae Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

A plant family that encompasses cantaloupe, cucumber, pumpkin, squash, and watermelon.

Cultigen

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to plants that have been deliberately altered or specially selected by humans. Almost all cultigens are cultivars.

Cultivar

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to a cultivated variety of a plant that has been intentionally selected for specific desirable characteristics (i.e., color, flower form, crop yield, disease resistance, etc.). When a particular cultivar is correctly propagated, the plants retain their special characteristics.

Cultivate

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the action of loosening soil in order to foster growth.

Cultivator

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See rotary tiller.

Deadheading

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is the method of removing dead flowers either to encourage more flowering or to improve the general overall appearance of the plant.

Also refers to the action of touring with or consistently attending "The Grateful Dead" concerts.

Direct Seed

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

To plant seeds directly into the ground instead of starting them elsewhere and transplanting them.

Double Digging

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the method of loosening soil into two layers and adding organic material. It is usually required and most beneficial when starting a new garden or totally replanting an older garden. This process helps to aerate the soil, giving plant roots room to grow while also improving drainage.

Fabacae Family/ Pea Or Pulse Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a plant family that encompasses the bean, pea and peanut.

Fertilizer

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to either organic (manure) or synthetic material that is added to soil to make it more fertile, thus enhancing plant growth.

Foliar Fertilizer

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to a liquid fertilizer that can be applied directly to the plants leaves.

Goosefoot Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Chenopodiaceae family.

Gourd Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Cucurbitaceae family.

Grass Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Poaceae family.

Green Manure

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to a type of cover crop, such as Clover or Vicia, that is planted for a set period of time primarily to add organic matter and nutrients to the soil, then is plowed and usually incorporated back into the soil.

Hardening Off

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is the process of helping your seedlings, plants, etc. acclimate once they have been moved from a controlled environment to an uncontrolled or unregulated environment, such as moving them from the greenhouse to outdoors.

Heavy Soil

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to soil that contains a high content of clay and has poor drainage.

Hoe

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a gardening tool that loosens any crust that may form on the soil.

Hoeing

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a gardening method that helps to kill weeds by loosening any crust that may form on the soil.

Humus

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a dark brown or black organic material resulting from partial decomposition of plant or animal matter, which forms the organic portion of the soil. Humus levels for healthy soil should be between 3.5% and 5%. Please do not confuse this with the appetizer, hummus.

Hydroponics

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a method of growing vegetables in nutrient-enriched water rather than in soil.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to a management system that includes an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management.

It relies on a combination of common sense practices (such as life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment) and the management of pest damage by the most economical means combined with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.

For more information on IPM, visit the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency website at www.epa.gov.

Liliaceae Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

A plant family that encompasses asparagus, chive, garlic, leek, onion and shallot.

Lily Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Liliaceae family.

Lime

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Calcium Hydroxide.

Loam

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a type of soil with equal parts silt, sand and clay that has a high content of humus.

Micronutrients

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to mineral elements that are essential to plant growth. Only needed in very small quantities, mineral elements can be Boron, Chlorine, Copper, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum and Zinc.

Mulch

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is any ingredient (sawdust, leaves, bark chips, rotted hay, straw or grass clippings) applied around your crop on top of your soil. It helps to control weeds, reduce erosion, and retain moisture in the soil.

Mustard Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Brassicaceae family.

N-P-K

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the necessary nutrients that plants need to survive and thrive. N-P-K is an abbreviation for Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P), Potassium (K).

Nightshade Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Solanaceae family.

Nightshade Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Solanaceae family.

Open Pollination

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to pollination of flowers or plants by birds, wind, insects or other natural methods.

Organic

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the growth of fruits and vegetables without the use of chemically or synthetically formulated fertilizers, growth stimulants, antibiotics or pesticides.

Ovule

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to an outgrowth of the ovary of a seed plant.

Pea Or Pulse Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Fabacae family.

Perennial

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to plants that continue to grow season after season, year after year.

PH

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the acidity or alkalinity of the soil.

• Neutral pH = 7
• Acidic pH = Below 0-7 (Sour Soil)
• Alkaline pH = Above 7 - 14 (Sweet Soil)

Vegetables grow best between a pH of 6 and a pH of 7 .

pH imbalance may cause certain nutrients to become unavailable, poor growth that may increase the chance of vegetable death, and disease.

Poaceae Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

A plant family that encompasses corn.

Pollen

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to a mass of microspores in a seed plant usually appearing as a fine dust.

Pollinate

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

To place pollen on the pistol of the plant's flower to produce germination.

Pollination

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

The transfer of pollen from the stamen to an ovule.

Pollinator

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to an agent that pollinates flowers, such as bees.

Pollinizer

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

A plant that is a source of pollen.

Rhizome

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

A somewhat horizontal subterranean plant stem or runner that produces shoots above and roots below.

Rotary Tiller

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a motorized machine or cultivator that works the soil with rotating blades. It is used to break up and aerate the soil in preparation for planting.

Rototill

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Means to cultivate or rotate dirt, either by hand or by machine. This method helps to control weeds along garden rows and walkways. It Should be done 2 -3 weeks before planting.

Rototiller

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See rotary tiller.

Season Extender

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to techniques and products that extend the growing season of your plants and vegetables, such as green houses, cold frames, hot caps, cloches, garden teepees, etc.

Self Pollination

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a type of pollination that can occur when a flower has both a stamen and a carpel which makes it self fertile. An example of a plant that can self pollinate would be the Arachis Hypogaea otherwise known as the peanut, which is a species of legume.

Soil Amendment

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to materials, such as clay, diatomaceous earth, worms, bark, etc., that can help correct nutrient deficiency in soil, improve water retention and the overall growth and health of the plants.

Soil Conditioner

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See soil amendment.

Soil Test

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to testing the nutrient and pH levels of the soil. Nutrient levels include N-P-K.

Soil Tester

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a tool that tests the soil's pH, moisture, and fertility. This is a gardener's MUST HAVE!

Solanaceae Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

A plant family that consists of eggplant, pepper, potato, tomato, etc.

Stamen

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the organ of the flower that produces the male gamete.

Sulfur

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is a non-metallic element that increases acidity and lowers pH.

Sunflower Family

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See Asteraceae family.

Till

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See rototill.

Tiller

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See rotary tiller.

Tilth

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the state of soil in relation to it's suitability for crop growth. If a soil has good tilth, it generally means that it has a good balance of nutrients, water, air, etc. and therefore is excellent for planting.

Top-dressing

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

The term can be used in relation to both your lawn and garden.

Top dressing your lawn is the process of adding a thin layer of soil or organic material over your lawn to improve the soil without killing the existing turf.

Top dressing your garden refers to the surface application of fertilizer to your already growing crop of fruits or vegetables.

Transplanting

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the action of moving or shifting a plant from one soil to another.

Tuber

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Is the fleshy root, stem or rhizome of the plant that can be grown into a new plant. Examples of tubers are potatoes, yams, horseradish, etc.

Vermicast

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by a species of earth worms. Basically, it is the rich organic waste that worms leave behind after eating your compost garbage and it makes for the most nutrient rich compost available.

Vermicompost

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to the end product of the vermicomposting process, and contains nutrient-rich organic fertilizer and soil conditioner.

Vermicomposting

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Vermi means worm.

Refers to the process of composting with various species of worms, including red wigglers and red earthworms.

Worm Castings

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

See vermicast.

Xeriscaping

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to landscaping in a way that reduces or eliminates the need for supplemental water from irrigation. The idea is to use plants whose natural requirements are native and appropriate to the climate so water consumption can be reduced.

Xerogardening

Category: Garden
Subcategory: General Term

Refers to gardening in a way that reduces or eliminates the need for supplemental water from irrigation. The idea is to use plants whose natural requirements are native and appropriate to the climate so water consumption can be reduced.



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